Casino tokens

We have told you about the origin, tricks, strategies and rules of a lot of games such as blackjack , roulette , point and banking , craps , slot machines and many more games, and even aspects of online casinos such as bonuses no deposit , but we had not yet stopped to talk about a vital element for the operation of casinos.

Casino chips

We are talking about the chips , the colorful discs that adorn the tables of our favorite casinos and that are the object of desire of the most amateur players.

The chips are the “money” of the casinos, but until they have become an integral and indispensable part of the elements of a casino, it took a while. But why was the success of chips as a form of payment in a casino? Well, for various reasons, almost all of them eminently practical.

Tokens are pieces of plastic and other materials that are manufactured in series, in different colors or with symbols of some kind to separate numerical values ​​from the currency they represent.

As they are equal parts, casinos can use to calculate value in volumes of tokens a varied number of methods, such as a scale or specific counting machines. In addition, they are much more resistant than the paper with which the banknotes are made, making them a great substitute.

There are different materials with which they can be manufactured, varying according to the quality of the material and the intended use:

  • Standard plastic : Cheap but of very low quality and little customization, designed for amateur players.
  • ABS Resin and ABS-PP : More durable and reliable compounds, scratch and shock resistant, used in many professional casinos.
  • ABS composite and ceramic : Mix of greater resistance and weight, pleasant to the touch and characteristic sound thanks to the ceramic.
  • Pure ceramic : The highest quality, used in the best casinos, scratch sensitive and highest price.

In addition, color coding makes counting much easier and therefore makes the dealer’s job much easier, preventing frequent mistakes that could annoy customers.

Therefore the chips have made life easier for the dealers and accountants of the casinos in the world, in addition to getting the players to play more happily (since they do not have real money in front of them, it is possible that psychologically they feel more animated at the time to bet).


Although casinos have been around for several centuries, it was not until the 19th century that they began to be coined to be used at the height of the game of poker. Before that, any other small element was used, as we have all done on some occasions playing board games at home (legumes, stones, beads or beads), although in large games you bet big and even precious metals were used or gems.

Clay has been one of the main ingredients of the “recipe” to make casino chips throughout history, but it is not a simple procedure or a unique recipe, but different manufacturers vary the mineral mix or components until the desired weight and consistency are achieved.

As a curiosity, you should know that the cards are not “painted”, but that their popular grooving on the edge is a work of marquetry . So we can conclude that the chips are not easy or cheap to manufacture.

In addition, different casinos have different chips, even if they belong to common business groups. It is also unusual for you to be able to play in another casino with chips, although there are a few exceptions. In addition, they are part of the charm of the game so it is not surprising that casinos insist on customizing them.

But all this is not just a matter of aesthetics, it is also a way to ensure that the circulating chips are yours and not inserted from the outside .

As for the color codes , the truth is that from country to country, even from casino to casino, there is no agreement regarding their correspondence. The most common colors are red, white and blue along with black and green.

Although today there are many more colors (there are even multicolored chips for games with very high stakes). It is common for the regulations of a city or country to specify to which values ​​the different colors correspond.

There is diversity in regulation in the United States: curiously in Nevada, where the big Las Vegas casinos are located, the regulations say nothing about the color matching between the chips and the amounts they represent . In other states, however, it is regulated. In the USA, it was traditional for blue to be reserved at high values.

In addition there are monetary values ​​that are characteristic of different games, such as the $ 2.5 chips that are typical of blackjack, although they are not only used in that game.

Specific value tokens are also “coined” taking into account the superstition that a number bodes well or bad luck, such as tokens called 8.88 or directly 888 for Chinese customers.

Although there is no consensus, then, there is a custom that has established a code that repeats itself a lot, and that matches colors and quantities as follows:

  • White color: equals one dollar, euro or the currency in question.
  • Pink color: equals 2.5.
  • Red color: equals 5.
  • Blue color: equals 10.
  • Green color: equals 25.
  • Black color: equals 100.
  • Purple color: equals 500.
  • Orange color: equals 1,000.

As we were saying, it is not a universal norm nor are these all the possible tab values, but they are the most common throughout the world. In Nevada, for example, the $ 1,000 token is usually yellow and the $ 1 token usually skips this list. On other occasions, as in the image, a $ 50 chip in light blue is added, and in higher values ​​the colors tend to vary.

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